Overcoming the 5 points of local authority channel shift failure
Five critical weaknesses are seriously compromising the success of channel shift initiatives for the UK's 433 local authorities. We list them and suggest some solutions.
Most UK councils now have a channel shift strategy. By funnelling visitors away from expensive phone and face-to-face interactions, and towards efficient and user-friendly digital services, local authorities can serve more customers, more of the time - while significantly reducing costs.
But despite the huge effort that councils are putting into channel shift, a surprising number of those initiatives are failing to deliver improved customer service and the required cost savings.
The 5 points of channel shift failure
At GOSS we recently reviewed just under 100 council websites (councils who weren't currently GOSS clients) to see how channel shift is working on the ground. In doing so we found five serious weaknesses that are - without a doubt - preventing these councils from realising the full benefits of channel shift.
Can visitors easily find what they need on your website? In many cases there is far too much content - sometimes split across multiple pages, or so poorly-worded as to confuse the visitor.
For instance, a visitor may want to find out bin collection days, but if this information is listed under "Refuse", they may not know where to look. Asking questions like "was there any side-waste?" or "what did the bin weigh?" are certainly not going to help the process. Unclear or jargon-laden 'council-speak' will cause people to abandon the website and make a call instead. That not only increases the transaction cost (from 15p to £2.83, according to Socitm), but also means the visitor is less likely to use the website next time.
Many 3-star council websites lost out on a 4-star rating this year due to not paying enough attention to the content and wording on their sites.
Content failure on mobiles
Are services tailored to the visitor's location? Many websites still don't have functionality that helps visitors find their nearest council services. Instead, they ask users to look though long lists of properties, recycling centres, schools, libraries and other services to find what they're looking for. This is confusing, takes a lot of time, and leads to high drop-off rates that could be avoided with an account login or postcode entry form. Personalisation delivers a dramatically improved experience for the citizen and significantly increases channel shift savings for the council.
Searching a PDF for information
Personalised content success
Can visitors easily complete your onsite forms? Are you asking for too little information that will inevitably require the council to call the client? Are you providing large, complex, multi-part forms that require so much information that a call seems easier? How will the form work on a smartphone or other mobile device? Approximately 80% of forms we tested didn't work properly on a smartphone - either the content wasn't optimised for mobile, or key fields did not display, preventing visitors from completing the form.
Poor language on a form
Most of the council webpages we tested that require a payment process (e.g. paying for a recycling bin, booking a bulky waste collection, paying a parking fine) comprise an online form integrated with a legacy payment service. In most cases the payment service did not work or wasn't optimised for mobile use, causing the process to fail.
In many cases, the whole look and feel of the legacy payment process was fundamentally different-looking from the council's website style guides, resulting in a confusing and less intuitive experience for the citizen. In some cases we saw examples where a user was asked to remember a complex code halfway through filling in a form and then to enter this code on the next page, which demonstrated poor integration between the front-end and back end system - and significantly increases the likelihood of errors.
Payment problems on a mobile, and a reference number to "remember and add to the next screen"
Our research on close to 100 council websites revealed that support for mobile devices is not only hampering channel shift efforts, but has actually reduced customer satisfaction with council websites in the last year. The use of mobile devices to access council sites has increased from 30% to over 40% of visitors in the last 12 months (and will extend to over 50% of visitors in the next 12 months), yet we still see service descriptions taking up to two desktop pages, or four tablet pages, or 16 mobile pages before you get to the form to request the services.
Many council websites are yet to engage responsive design architectures, and so there are still far too many examples of pages that are not optimised for a mobile device and thus require lots of zooming and scrolling, making it hard for citizens to read.
Form not optimised on a mobile, and form successfully optimised on a mobile
As discussed in points 3 and 5 above, we have seen many examples of forms and payment processes that still are not designed with mobile in mind and so deliver a very poor experience, significantly reduce the take-up of channel shift self-service, and in many cases fail to work completely.
Surprisingly, the situation is not getting better over time - quite the opposite! Socitm's Website Performance service surveys 170,000 council website visitors annually. At the beginning of 2013 the success and failure rates for online transactions were:
- 60% successful transactions
- 20% complete failures
- 20% partial success.
However, by the end of 2013, the success rate had actually FALLEN:
- 50% successful transactions
- 30% complete failures
- 20% partial failures
At the beginning of 2013 this equated to 6,000,000 failed transactions every month. By the end of 2013 this had increased to 9,000,000 failed transactions per month. This does not include the high volume of transactions that could only be partially completed.
The decline in successful transactions is almost certainly down to the growing number of visitors using a mobile device (currently at around 40% of transactions, up from around 30% at the beginning of 2013) and the failure to adapt legacy processes and systems to a mobile-first world.
With each failed transaction costing the council at least £2.83 in call centre costs, the five points of failure could be costing the UK's 433 local authorities a combined £289m - or a staggering £668,000 each annually.
The importance of user-centred design
Finally, it's worth talking about User-Centred Design. In too many cases, council web services don't provide a closed loop process that has been designed with the end-user in mind. The user may be able to book a service, but they don't get any feedback or updates on how their order is progressing. They may feel forced to call the call centre for a progress update - which racks up costs and creates a poor customer experience.
Many councils have done a great job in designing a website that delivers lots of useful information, but have not spent enough time mapping the processes before digitising them, or have not spent enough time actually testing the end-to-end process from the citizen's perspective to see if the questions being asked are relevant and clear, and if the integration between forms and payment services are working and present a good user experience.
What's the solution?
There are lots of ways to fix these problems and start realising the full benefits of channel shift. Some of them are quick fixes: for example, one UK local authority found that by revamping its online process for finding out recycling collection days, including a mobile friendly postcode lookup service, it increased the volume of online self-service enquiries from 200 to 2,400 a month, saving £59,500 annually on call handling costs for a project cost of less than £6,000.
Others may require a bit more time (e.g. fixing integration problems between front-end forms and back-end systems). But for any council that's serious about getting the full benefits of channel shift, and delivering improved self-service, the best solution can only be to carry out a thorough review of current online processes and create an action plan to address them.